ABOUT US
CONTACT US
SUBSCRIPTION
Moscow Defense Brief


Current Issue



#4 (42), 2014

CONTENTS

SEARCH : Search

Facts & Figures

Arms Trade Database for January-March 2001

Supplier

Recipient

Date

Description of Event

Financial Parameters

Notes

Information about previous period

Ukraine

Vietnam

1998-2000

Delivery of 100 R-27 (AA-10) air-to-air missiles[1]

  

To be installed on Su-27SK (Flanker) fighters

Ukraine

China

1999-2000

Transfer of information on AL-31F engines maintenance[2]

2 contracts for $10 mln each

  

Ukraine

  

1999

The Ukrainian Army received the first batch of “Kombat” tank guided missiles[3].

 

Designed for deliveries to the Ukrainian and Pakistan armies as an al­ternative to “Refleks” (AT-11) tank guided missiles produced by Tula KBP.

Bulgaria, Sopot-based Vazov Machine-building Plant

Myanmar

1999

Delivery of 100 “Igla-1E” (SA-16) SAMs[4]

  

Delivered missiles are the licensed version of the Russian SAM.

Russia, Kronshtadt Plant

  

Novem-ber 2000

Delivery to Algeria of 2 navy ships modernized at Kronshtadt Naval Plant[5]

Contract value - $100 mln[6]

  

Russia, Kolomna-based KBM

India

Decem-ber 2000

Contract for delivery of several hundreds “Igla” SAMs to India[7]

$50 mln[8]

The first contract signed by KBM independently

Kazakhstan

  

2000

“Kazspetsexport” Director General said that Kazakhstan’s arms export amounted for 900 mln tenge ($6.2 mln) in 2000[9].

$6.2 mln

As expected the country’s arms export in 2001 will reach $20.5 mln[10].

Russia

China

End of 2000 or beginning of 2001

“Tor-M1” (SA-15) SAM test launches in Gobi Desert in the presence of Chinese Armed Forces Command[11]

  

12 missiles were fired during the test[12].

Russia, IAPO

Global market

2000-2001

Export of Irkutsk-based Aircraft Production Association (IAPO) is reported to amount for $300 mln[13].

  

In 2001 export volume is expected at the level of $500 mln[14].

Russia, KBP

Global market

2000

According to KBP representative, in 2000 export volume increased by 40% compared to 1999[15].

     

Russia

Global market

2000

Vladimir Belukov, Chief of the Export Quotes and Cooperation Deliveries Department of Russia’s Ministry of Industry and Science, said that in 2000 Russia’s arms export had increased by 34% compared to 1999[16].

  

Export of aviation hardware increased twice (deliveries of Su-27 and Su-30 (Flanker) fighters and aircraft armament for them to China and India); export of air-defense systems – by 1.8 times (at expense of export to China and Greece). Deliveries to the Asian-Pacific region made 74%, in Europe – 14.2%, including Greece that received 13.8% of Russia’s total arms export. The share of aviation hardware in the total arms export is 35%, Navy arms – 30%, air-defense – 20-25%, land forces arms – 15%[17].

Russia

  

2000

Defense industry’s output increased by 125.3% in 2000 including military production – by 129.5%.

Growth in aviation industry – 140%, communication industry – 144%, electronic industry – 135%, radio industry – 128%, missile and space industry – 130.5%[18].

       

Russia, IFIG “Defense Systems”

Egypt

27.12.00

Test of “Pechora-2” launcher[19]

$125 mln

As per the 1999 contract for modernization of 50 S-125 (SA-3) SAMs of the Egyptian Army[20]

Russia, JSC “Leg-rkie verto-lety Mi”

Nigeria

End of 2000

Delivery of 3 Mi-34S training helicopters for the Nigerian Air Forces[21].

Contract total sum - $2.8 mln[22]

As per the contract for 8 helicopters.

January

Unknown

Angola

Beginning of 2001

Transfer of Su-24 (Fencer) fighters[23].

   

The Angolan Air Forces was reported to have Su-27 (Flanker) fighters received from unknown supplier[24]. One of these fighters was as if hit down by UNITA troops in the beginning of 2001.

Russia,

“Sokol” Aircraft-building Plant

India,

HAL

2001

Beginning of serial modernization of the Indian MiG-21 (Fishbed) fighters into MiG-21-93 (MiG-21UPG) version[25].

$325 mln

As per the 1996 contract. In December 2000 India received 2 pre-serial MiG-21-93, tested in Russia, and 24 kits of equipment for modernization. The delivery schedule in 2001 is 9 kits per quarter[26].

Russia, KBM

Yemen

2001

Contract for technical examination of “Tochka” (SS-21) tactical missiles[27].

  

Yemen received around 80 “Tochka” systems in all. After the examination a contract on missiles’ technical maintenance is to be concluded[28].

Russia

   

05.01.01

Government’s decree “On repayment of the debt of the federal executive bodies for the state defense order”[29]

   

As of 01.01.01 the debt amounts for 32.5 mln rubles (around $1.1 mln). Under the decree 50% of the debt is repaid directly, the other 50% is transformed into Russia’s state internal debt by issuing of state non-market loan bonds[30].

Russia

   

06.01.01

President’s Decree #8 “On approval of “Rosoboronexport” Charter”[31]

       

Russia,

Klimov Plant

   

09.01.01

Finish of assembly and test preparations of VK-2500 fifth generation turboprop engine[32]

       

Russia,

Germany

   

11.01.01

Russian-German intergovernmental agreement on joint modernization, standardization and material support of MiG-29 (Fulcrum) aircraft in third countries[33]

       

Russia,

RAC “MiG”

   

11.01.01

Nikolai Nikitin, RAC “MiG” Director General, declared an intention to sign a cooperation agreement with Thomson CSF[34].

       

Russia

Kazakhstan

12.01.01

Kazakhstan Deputy Defense Minister on economics and finance said that in 2001 Russia would deliver to Kazakhstan arms for $25.5 mln as a payment for using of military test ranges[35].

       

Russia

Greece

15.01.01

“Zubr” (Pomornik class) amphibious landing ship sent from St. Petersburg on 20.12.00 arrived to Thessaloniki[36]. The ceremony of making the colors on this ship bought in Russia took place on 22.01.01.[37]

   

The ship is built in 1993, modernized before the sale. Ship speed – 60 knots. It’s capable to lift 3 medium tanks or 10 AIFVs and 140 troops or 500 troops without armored vehicles[38].

Russia,

MNIIP

China,

India

16.01.01

MNIIP Chief Designer Victor Gadurin said that the R&D of A-50E (Mainstay) aircraft was to finish soon[39].

       

Russia, Ukraine

   

18.01.01

Signing of the plan of military-technical cooperation between the defense ministries of Russia and Ukraine[40].

   

The plan envisages 52 events including preparation of intergovernmental agreement on aircraft modernization to satisfy the needs of Russia and Ukraine as well as the third countries[41]. It’s agreed to “integrate the activities of both countries’ defense industries, to conduct joint R&D, to organize joint production of different arms and military equipment”[42].

Russia, Ulan-Ude Aviation Plant

   

19.01.01

Finish of state test flights of Mi-8AMTSh multirole helicopter[43]

       

Russia

Greece

25.01.01

Test launches of “Tor-M1” (Sa-15) and “Osa-AKM” (SA-8) SAMs at Crete Island[44]

       

Russia

   

26.01.01

Russian press reported about successful tests of 2 Ka-50 (Hokum) attack helicopters in Chechnya[45].

       

Russia, “Sever-naya Verf”, NPK

   

26.01.01

Representatives of Russia’s Navy and “Severnaya Verf” informed that the shipyard had started the modernization and repair of 3 ships and was preparing to build corvettes for the Russian Navy[46].

       

Russia

 

26.01.01

Governmental decree “On Guidelines for Activities of the Committee on Military-Technical Cooperation with Foreign States”[47]

       

Russia

   

27.01.01

Crash of An-70 military transport aircraft[48]

       

Russia, Baltiisky Zavod

   

29.01.01

The meeting of Baltiisky Zavod shareholders approved the decision of the Board of Directors to take credits for 110 mln rubles (around $3.8 mln) from Sberbank to build ships and construct a new metal-processing workshop with 60 thousand tons capacity[49].

   

The major shareholders of Baltzavod are 3 companies connected with IST group that possessed 50% shares in total, MIB bank – 17%. The “golden share” belongs to the state[50].

Russia

  

30.01.01

Russia’s President signed a decree “On the Commission on Export Control”[51].

       

Russia

   

30.01.01

“Rosoboronexport” received a temporary certificate on state registration[52].

       

Ukraine

   

January 2001

Ukraine’s President signed an Act on priority status and state assistance for Ukraine’s armor industry[53].

   

Under the Act the subsidiaries of “Ukraine’s Armor” Concern receive a number of privileges from January 1, 2001 till January 1, 2006.

Russia

China

January 2001

Signing of the contract on delivery of 100 AL-31F aircraft engines to China[54]

  

Probably, to equip licensed Su-27SK (Flanker) fighters

Russia

India

January 2001

Russia won a tender for testing of Kaveri engine for India’s Light Combat Aircraft (LCA)[55].

     

Russia

India

January 2001

Russia offered India to install AL-31F engine on LCA[56]

     

India, Malaysia

  

January 2001

Agreement on cooperation in operating MiG-29 (Fulcrum) fighters that both countries have at service[57].

  

The agreement stipulates exchange of “tactical and technical data on flight practice”.

February

Russia

Vietnam

February 2001

Director General of JSC “Kronshtadt” said that the Company would deliver a naval simulator to Vietnam till the end of 2001 as per the “Rosoboronexport” 2000 contract with Vietnamese Defense Ministry[58].

   

The Vietnamese party ratified the contract in early February 2001.

Russia

 

February 2001

Press Secretary of the Russian Agency for Conventional Arms stated that the export order book of the Agency’s enterprises had exceeded $1.5 bln[59].

$1.5 bln

The major contracts are: delivery of T-90S tanks by “Uralvagonzavod” to India, Tula KBP contract for delivery of “Pamtsyr” (SA-19) SAMs to UAE ($720 mln), Kolomna KBM contract for delivery of “Igla” SAMs to India ($32 mln).

Russia

Republic of Korea

February 2001

The Russian government agreed with the proposal of “Rosoboronexport” to offer just one Russian attack helicopter – Ka-52K (Hokum B) for participation in the South Korean helicopter tender[60].

 

Until now two Russian offers – Kamov’s Ka-52K and Mi-28NE (Havoc) by Mil Moscow Helicopter Plant participated in the tender.

Russia

Austria

February 2001

RAC “MiG” offered MiG-29 (Fulcrum) aircraft and offset program to Austria[61].

 

The offer is made before Vladimir Putin’s visit to Austria. As proposed from 50% till 90% of the contract sum will be a repayment of Russia’s debt to Austria. The off-set program envisages manufacturing of MiG-110 plane in Austria. The offer was declined by Austria.

Russia

Mongolia

February 2001

Contract for delivery of small arms[62].

$270 mln[63]

The contract is conclu-ded by “Promexport” then handed over for implementation to “Ros-oboronexport”. The reported contract value is likely to be too high.

Russia

China

Probably February 2001

Test launch of “Moskit” anti-ship missile from project 956E (Sovremenny class) destroyer to the distance of 120 km[64]

   

Russia

 

End of February 2001

Press Secretary of the Russian Agency for Conventional Arms stated that the arms export by the Agency’s enterprises reduced by 26% in 2000[65].

 

50 enterprises supervised by the Agency supplied military products to 32 countries.

Russia

 

End of February 2001

The Kronshtadt Naval Plant came to an agreement with its creditors that the Plant would repay its debts within a year. During this period the creditors will refrain from penalties and fines.[66]

Around $11.5 mln (330 mln rubles)

The Plant intends to get resources for the debt repayment from the contracts on repair of 2 ships of the Algerian Navy and the battleships of the Russian Navy.

Russia

 

05.02.01

Central Design Bureau “Almaz” and “Antey” Concern signed a general agreement on cooperation[67].

   

Russia

India

07.02.01

Contract for delivery of 5 Ka-31RLD helicopters to India[68]

$108 mln[69]

To equip project 1135.4 (Krivak class) frigates and, probably, the airwing of “Admiral Gorshkov” (Kiev class) aircraft carrier. The contract for delivery of 4 such helicopters for $92 mln was signed earlier, in 1999. The delivery of the first batch is expected in 2001, the second one – in 2002[70].

Russia

India

07.02.01

Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Air Forces Anatoly Kornukov said about India’s intentions to lease 4 Tu-22M3 (Backfire C) bombers[71].

   

Russia

India

08.02.01

As of 08.02.01 India has received 12 Mi-17-1V (Hip H) helicopters[72].

 

As per the “Aviaexport” contract from 26.05.00 for delivery of 40 Mi-17-1V helicopters

Ukraine

Iran

09.02.01

The first flight of An-140 plane produced in Shahinshahr under Ukraine’s license[73]

   

Russia, IAPO, Ilyushin Aviation Complex

India, HAL

09.02.01

Negotiations at India’2001 Aeroshow on joint design and manufacturing of multifunctional 100-seat plane[74]

   

Russia

Slovakia

10.02.01

Slovakia’s Defense Minister Yozef Stank ordered to prepare a concept on decommis-sion of the Russian aircraft and purchase of 40-50 multirole sub-sonic aircraft in the U.K. or Czech Republic[75].

   

Russia

India

13.02.01

Information about possible terms of the transfer of “Admiral Gorshkov” (Kiev class) aircraft carrier to India – not earlier than in 2004[76].

 

The aircraft carrier was towed from Severomorsk to Severodvinsk in July 1999. Sevmash Plant spent 200 mln rubles (about $7 mln) for its restoration[77].

Russia

Vietnam

13.02.01

Meeting between the Russian President Foreign Policy Adviser Sergei Prikhodko and the Vietnamese Deputy Defense Minister Chyung Khan Tyau[78]

 

In 1999 Vietnam received 2 project 1241RE missile boats in tropical version and 16 Kh-35 (SS-N-25) missiles[79].

Russia

India

15.02.01

Contract for delivery of 310 T-90S main battle tanks to India[80]

$800 mln

The contract envisages delivery of 124 tanks and licensed production of 186 vehicles in India.

Russia

Hungary

15.02.01

The Hungarian National Security Council recommended to the government to deny MiG-29 (Fulcrum) modernization and to purchase second-hand F-16 aircraft[81].

   

Russia

India

15.02.01

Contract for delivery of unknown arms system[82]

$150 mln[83]

The contract is signed simultaneously or almost simultaneously with the contract for delivery of tanks. The subject of the contract is unknown.

Russia

India

15.02.01

Contract for delivery of unknown arms system[84]

$180 mln[85]

The contract is signed simultaneously or almost simultaneously with the contract for delivery of tanks. The subject of the contract is unknown.

Russia

India

16.02.01

The press informed that Russia was ready to sell or lease project 971 (Akula class) submarine[86].

   

Russia

Greece

15-17.02.01

Transfer of one more batch of “Tor-M1” (SA-15) SAMs that included 2 launchers and “Rangir” battery command posts[87]

 

The transfer of the 5th and the 6th SAMs out of 10 as per the contract signed in June 2000. The delivery of 2 more SAMs is expected in summer 2001, another 2 SAMs – in March 2002[88]. Greece has already received 27 “Tor-M1” SAMs.

Russia, France

Greece

19.02.01

MiG-AT trainer is being prepared for participation in the tender for delivery of 42-44 trainers to the Greek Air Force[89].

 

The tender is to officially start in summer 2001.

Russia, Kazan Helicopter Plant

India

21.02.01

As of 21.02.01 Russia delivered 20 Mi-17-1V (Hip H) helicopters[90].

 

4 more helicopters are to be supplied till March 1, 2001[91].

Russia

 

22.02.01

The Russian Control Systems Agency (RASU) and Vnesheconombank signed an agreement on cooperation[92].

 

The agreement stipulates, in particular, assistance in export of arms manufactured by the enterprises supervised by the Agency.

Russia

China

19-22.02.01

Zhang Wannian, deputy chairman of China's Central Military Council visited Russia[93].

 

During the negotiations the parties discussed bilateral defense treaty that is aimed at further development of the Russian-Chinese military and military-technical cooperation. The treaty can be signed in summer 2001 during the visit of China’s President Jiang Zemin to Russia[94].

Russia

Bhutan

23.02.01

Deputy Director of “Rosoboronexport” Viktor Komardin stated that the company had signed a contract with Bhutan for delivery of AK-103 and AK-104 assault rifles[95].

$1 mln[96]

 

Russia

Republic of Korea

27.02.01

Signing of bilateral memorandum on intentions that envisages supplies of large amount of armaments[97].

$ 700 mln

At the meeting of the Russian-Korean intergovernmental commission on economic, scientific and technical cooperation the parties signed a memorandum that determined the types of arms to be purchased by the Republic of Korea: military transport and training aircraft, tanker-aircraft, amphibious ships and other military equipment. Half of the sum will be a repayment of Russia’s debt; another half will be paid.

Russia

Uzbekistan

26.02.01-01.03.01

During the visit of the Russian military delegation in Tashkent the parties reached an agreement on the deliveries of Russian arms in Uzbekistan[98].

 

The supplies will include artillery systems, Ka-50 (Hokum) attack helicopters, air defense systems, and ammunition.

March

Georgia

Russia

March 2001

Georgia offered Russia 13 Su-25T (Frogfoot) ground attack aircraft[99]

 

As a repayment of $179-mln state debt to Russia[100]

Russia, Murom-based Instrument-making Plant

USA

March 2001

Contract for delivery of 100 mln percussion primers for hunting and civil arms[101]

$1 mln

 

Russia

Indonesia

March 2001

Indonesian Defense Minister expressed an intention to purchase arms from Russia[102].

 

Indonesia is interested in battle aircraft, military transport helicopters and small arms.

Russia

Uruguay

March 2001

The Ural Automobile Plant ("UralAZ" JSC) won the tender for delivery of trucks for the Defense Ministry of Uruguay[103].

 

During the first half of 2001 "UralAZ" JSC is to deliver to Uruguay 36 URAL-4320-31 trucks via "Rosoboronexport".

Belarus

Morocco

March 2001

Delivery of 48 second-hand T-72 tanks and spare parts to Morocco[104]

$10-12 mln

 

Russia, “Antey” Concern

Greece

March 2001

The “Antey” Concern fulfilled the first out of 6 offset programs as per the 2000 contract[105].

15-20% of total $820-mln cost of 6 pro-grams[106]

Greece received power supply plants for “Tor-M1” (SA-15) and “Osa-AKM” (SA-8) SAMs.

Russia

India

March 2001

RAC “MiG” started construction of 3 multirole MiG-29K and 1 MiG-29KUB (Fulcrum) aircraft to be supplied to the Indian Navy after the conclusion of a contract for equipment of “Admiral Gorshkov” (Kiev class) aircraft carrier[107].

 

India is supposed to purchase 50 aircraft for $30 mln each as well as Kh-35 (SS-N-25) and “Yakhont” (SSN-X-26) anti-ship missiles[108].

Russia, RAC “MiG”

Bulgaria

March 2001

Negotiations in Sofia on modernization of the Bulgarian MiG-29 (Fulcrum) aircraft[109]

 

The parties confirmed the mutual interest in further activities on aircraft repair and modernization. At the same time the Bulgarians consider purchase of the American F-16s.

Poland

 

March 2001

The Polish Defense Ministry started the program of Mi-24 (Hind) helicopters modernization[110].

 

The program is settled up till 2006 and will be conducted in WZL-1 plant in Lodz. Companies from South Africa, the UK, Israel, France, Germany and Italy pretend to participation in the program.

Russia

 

March 2001

Russia’s Sberbank gave “Admiralty Shipyards” a three-month credit to fulfill the contract for repair and modernization of the India’s diesel submarine[111].

150 mln rubles (about $5 mln)

 

Russia, “Zvezda” Ship-Repairing Plant (Primorie region)

China

March 2001

Contract for pre-repair examination of Kilo class submarine[112]

   

Russia, RAC “MiG”

Bangladesh

End of March 2001

The Bangladesh government approved the purchase of 16 MiG-29 (Fulcrum) fighters[113].

Not less than $210 mln

If the contract is signed the first aircraft can be supplied till the end of the year. The cost of pilot training is $15 mln.

Russia

 

End of march 2001

Kovrov-based V.A.Degtayrev Plant started serial production of new 12.7 mm “Kord” machine-gun[114].

 

“Kord” is designated to arm tanks, APCs and infantry units.

Ukraine, “Aviant”

Poland

05.03.01

The Ukrainian An-32V-200 (Cline) plane lost in the tender for delivery of 6-10 military transport aircraft to Poland in 2003-2006. The Ukrainian company offered the plane at $7.5-9 mln and planned to fulfill offset programs for $32 mln[115].

$300 mln

Poland chose C-295M by EADS. C-27J plane – joint production of Lockheed Martin (USA) ? Alenia Aerospazio (Italy) also participated in the tender.

Russia

Nigeria

06.03.01

During the negotiations in Moscow defense ministers of Russia and Nigeria signed a bilateral intergovernmental agreement on military-technical cooperation[116].

 

The agreement is a framework, long-term document that created a legal basis for contracts for delivery and modernization of Soviet/Russian-made arms in Nigeria.

Russia

 

07.03.01

The Russian President’s decree on prolongation of “Antey” Concern export license[117].

 

The “Antey” Concern is the Russian leading manufacturer of air defense systems.

Russia

 

13.03.01

The Senior Vice-President of JSC SIBUR is elected a Chairman of the Directors Board of JSC “Kurganmashzavod”[118].

 

JSC “Kurganmashzavod” is the largest manufacturer of AIFVs in Russia. SIBUR has changed “Rosporm” Corporation as an owner of the plant[119].

Belarus

Peru

13.03.01

Crash of MiG-29 (Fulcrum) fighter of the Peruvian Air Force[120]

 

One of 18 MiG-29s purchased from Belarus in 1996

Russia

Iran

14.03.01

Negotiations between the defense ministers of Russia and Iran in Moscow where the parties discussed bilateral military-technical cooperation and coordinated the terms of deliveries of Russian arms to Iran[121].

 

Iran is interested in air-defense missile systems, ground attack aircraft, armored vehicles and patrol boats[122].

Russia

Uzbekistan

14.03.01

The Council of Federation - the upper chamber of the Russian parliament ratified the Russian-Uzbekistan treaty on further strengthening of military and military-technical cooperation[123].

 

The Treaty creates a basis for arms deliveries. It’s signed in Tashkent on 11.12.99 for the 5-years period. The Russian State Duma ratified the treaty on 21.02.01.

Russia

 

15.03.01

The Russian State Duma declined amendments to the Act on military-technical cooperation of Russia with foreign states[124].

 

The amendments allowed state intermediary to export arms without government’s permission just on the basis of general license.

Ukraine, “Ukrspetsexport”

An African country

18-23.03.01

Two contracts for delivery of construction materials and power plants for armored vehicles and ground-based aviation systems[125].

Total value – about $4 mln

 

Russia, “Rosoboron-export”, JSC “Electro­mashina”

UAE

21.03.01

Deputy Director of “Electromashina” said the plant is to participate in moder-nization of Scorpion combat vehicles of UAE Army[126].

About $2 mln

JSC “Electromashina” will supply “Kalgan-01” weapons control system[127]. UAE Land Forces have 76 Scorpion combat vehicles[128].

 

Russia

 

21.03.01

The Russian President stated that in 2000 Russia exported arms and military equipment with a total value of $3.68 bln, currency export receipts have accounted for $2.84 bln[129].

   

Russia

 

22.03.01

Sergei Vasiliev, First Deputy Director of Izhevskiy Electro-mekhanicheskiy Zavod “Kupol” is appointed a new Director General of this plant[130].

   

Ukraine

Macedonia

22.03.01

Transfer of 4 Mi-8 (Hip) military transport helicopters[131]

 

The helicopters were withdrawn form Ukraine’s KFOR contingent[132]. The parameters of the deal – sale or lease, are to be discussed.

Ukraine

Macedonia

23.03.01

Transfer of 2 Mi-24 (Hind) attack helicopters[133]

 

The parameters of the deal – sale or lease, are to be discussed.

Russia

 

28.03.01

The Russian President appointed Sergei Ivanov, then Secretary of Russia’s Security Council, as a new Minister of Defense[134].

   


[1] Jane’s Defense Weekly, 27.12.00, v. 34, ?26.

[2] Jane’s Defense Weekly, 10.01.01, v. 35, ?2.

[3] Jane’s Defense Weekly, 17.01.01, v. 35, ?3.

[4] Jane’s Defense Weekly, 17.01.01, v. 35, ?3.

[5] Military News Agency, 24.01.01

[6] Ibid.

[7] CAST own information

[8] Olga Antonova, Vremya novostei, 15.02.01., p.3

[9] Elektronny bank INFO-TASS, baza «Vega», 12.01.01

[10] Ibid.

[11] Voenno-tekhnicheskoe sotrudnichestvo, 15-21.01.01, p.6

[12] Ibid.

[13] Elektronny bank INFO-TASS, baza «Vega», 15.01.01

[14] Ibid.

[15] Elektronny bank INFO-TASS, baza «Vega», 22.01.0

[16] Nezavisimoe voennoe obozrenie, #7, 23-29.02.01, p.6

[17] Ibid.

[18] Nezavisimoe voennoe obozrenie, #5, 09-15.02.01, p.6

[19] Nezavisimoe voennoe obozrenie, #1, 12-18.01.01, p.6

[20] Jane’s Defense Weekly, 18.01.2001, http://jdw.janes.com.

[21] Military News Agency, 23.03.01

[22] Ibid.

[23] Jane’s Defense Weekly, 07.07.01, v.35, ?6.

[24] Air Forces ?onthly, December 1999, p. 20.

[25] Elektronny bank INFO-TASS, baza «Vega», 15.01.01

[26] Ibid.

[27] Nikolay Novichkov, “Rosoboronexport” osvaivaet igru v shakhmaty”, Vremya MN, #67, 17.04.01, p.4

[28] Ibid.

[29] Military News Agency, 05.01.01

[30] Ibid.

[31] Mikhail Kozyrev, “Torgovlya oruzhiem stala blizhe k Kremlyu”, 15.01.01

[32] Military News Agency, 09.01.01

[33] Ivan Safronov, “Rossiya i Germaniya podelili 500 millionov dollarov”, Kommersant, #3, 12.01.01., p.3

[34] Elektronny bank INFO-TASS, baza «Vega», 16.01.01

[35] Elektronny bank INFO-TASS, baza «Vega», 12.01.01

[36] Military News Agency, 12.01.01

[37] Elektronny bank INFO-TASS, baza «Vega», 22.01.01

[38] Military News Agency, 12.01.01

[39] Elektronny bank INFO-TASS, baza «Vega», 16.01.01

[40] Elektronny bank INFO-TASS, baza «Vega», 19.01.01

[41] Ibid.

[42] Statement of Leonid Ivashov, Chief of Main Department of International Military Relations under Russia's Defense Ministry

[43] Military News Agency, 19.01.01

[44] Elektronny bank INFO-TASS, baza «Vega», 25.01.01

[45] Evening news programs at ORT, RTR and NTV TV channels

[46] Elektronny bank INFO-TASS, baza «Vega», 26.01.01

[47] Yuri Golotyuk, “Rossiiskikh voennykh obezoruzhili”, Vremya novostei, #16, 30.01.01

[48] Mikhail Kozyrev, “Samolet-neudachnik”, Vedomosti, 29.01.01

[49] Military News Agency, 20.01.01

[50] Elektronny bank INFO-TASS, baza «Vega», 29.01.01

[51] Yuri Golotyuk, “V Rossii vse pod kontrolem”, Vremya novostei, #16, 31.01.01

[52] Interfax, 01.02.01

[53] Nezavisimoe voennoe obozrenie, #5, 09-15.02.01, p.6

[54] Military News Agency, 30.01.01

[55] Nezavisimoe voennoe obozrenie, #5, 09-15.02.01, p.6

[56] Military News Agency, 31.01.01

[57] Elektronny bank INFO-TASS, baza «Vega», 24.01.01

[58] “Aviatsiya, kosmos i oruzhie Rossii”, 23.02.01

[59] “Aviatsiya, kosmos i oruzhie Rossii”, 28.02.01

[60] “Aviatsiya, kosmos i oruzhie Rossii”, 23.02.01

[61] Vedomosti, 01.02.01, p.A3

[62] Elektronny bank INFO-TASS, baza «Vega», 09.02.01

[63] Ibid.

[64] Elektronny bank INFO-TASS, baza «Vega», 15.02.01

[65] “Aviatsiya, kosmos i oruzhie Rossii”, 02.03.01

[66] Elektronny bank INFO-TASS, baza «Vega», 01.03.01

[67] Ilya Bulavinov, Ivan Safronov, «Proizvoditeli PVO ob’edinilis’, chtoby razmezhevatsya”, Kommersant, 06.02.01, p.4

[68] CAST own information

[69] CAST own information

[70] “Aviatsiya, kosmos i oruzhie Rossii”, 03.02.01

[71] Igor Korotchenko, “Pod flagom “OKB Sukhogo”, Nezavisimoe voennoe obozrenie, #7, 23-29.02.01, p.6, Sergei Sokut, “India poluchit bombardirovshchiki iz Rossii”, Nezavisimaya gazeta, #22, 08.02.01, p.2

[72] Military News Agency, 08.02.01

[73] Interfax, 09.02.01

[74] Military News Agency, 09.02.01

[75] Elektronny bank INFO-TASS, baza «Vega», 15.02.01

[76] Military News Agency, 09.02.01

[77] Ibid.

[78] Elektronny bank INFO-TASS, baza «Vega», 14.02.01

[79] Ibid.

[80] Military News Agency, 15.02.01

[81] Ilya Bulavinov, “Rossiiskie “MiGi” proleteli mimo Vengrii”, Kommersant, #24, 10.02.01, p.1

[82] Igor Korotchenko, “V Deli podpisan tankovyi kontrakt veka”, Nezavisimaya gazeta, #28, 16.02.01, p.2

[83] Ibid.

[84] Ibid.

[85] Ibid.

[86] Dmitry Safronov, “Indiitsy poluchat rossiiskie tanki”, Izvestiya, #28, 16.02.01, p.2

[87] Military News Agency, 21.02.01

[88] Ibid.

[89] Military News Agency, 19.02.01

[90] Elektronny bank INFO-TASS, baza «Vega», 21.02.01

[91] Ibid.

[92] “RASU-Vnesheconombank: sotrudnichestvo ukreplyaetsya”, RASU official site – www.pacy.ru

[93] Military News Agency, 22.02.01, Yuri Golotyuk, “My na lodochke katalis”, Vremya novostei, #27, 15.02.01, p.3

[94] Ibid.

[95] Nezavisimoe voennoe obozrenie, #7, 23-29.02.01, p.1

[96] Ibid.

[97] Elektronny bank INFO-TASS, baza «Vega», 28.02.01

[98] Yuri Chernogaev, “Uzbeki vstanut pod rossiskoe ruzhye”, Kommersant, #38, 02.03.01, p.11

[99] Military News Agency, 02.03.01

[100] Russia's government press-center, 05.12.00, www.government.ru

[101] Military News Agency, 07.03.01

[102] Elektronny bank INFO-TASS, baza «Vega», 14.03.01

[103] “UralAZ” JSC News, 20.03.01, www.uralaz.ru

[104] Military News Agency, 02.03.01

[105] “Aviatsiya, kosmos i oruzhie Rossii”, 19-22.03.01

[106] Ibid.

[107] Vozdushny transport, #12, March 2001, p.10

[108] Ibid.

[109] Vozdushny transport, #12, March 2001, p.11

[110] Vozdushny transport, #13, March 2001, p.10

[111] Military News Agency, 23.03.01

[112] Military News Agency, 26.03.01

[113] Ivan Safronov, “MiGi” zavoevyvayut Bangladesh”, Kommersant, #54, 28.03.01, p.4

[114] Valery Batuev, “Na konveire – novy pulemet”, Vremya MN, #53, 28.03.01, p.2

[115] Jane’s Defense Weekly, 14.03.2001,v.35, #11

[116] Elektronny bank INFO-TASS, baza «Vega», 10.03.01

[117]

Print version
© Centre for Analysis of Strategies and Technologies, 2014
www.cast.ru